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Video Games: Classification and branching of video games

Video Games: Classification and branching of video games

Phân loại và phân nhánh của trò chơi Video Game

There are various types of games, and generally, they are categorized by basic characteristics or goals. For example, you may have heard of role-playing or action games, etc., but when you try out a game, you won’t be able to tell what kind of game it is. As a result, game categories or genres can also have subcategories, and many games fit into multiple genres.

In this article, we can start to understand how game developers and publishers classify their games.

What is Video Game?

“Video Games” are games designed to be played on video screens. The term “Video Game” also clearly indicates that purpose and also distinguishes it from teletype or other similar device games (such as jigsaw puzzles, etc.).

Video games are a branch of Electronic Games.

Online games are also a type of Video Game, they are played over the Internet (online) or played through a local computer network (LAN Games).

What types of video games are there?

Currently there are 9 types of Video Game games as follows:

  1. Action games
  2. Action-adventure games
  3. Adventure games
  4. Role-playing games
  5. Simulation games
  6. Strategy games
  7. Sports games
  8. Puzzle games
  9. Idle games

#1. Action Games

Action games can be considered as the most popular games today.

Action games allow the players to be in control and place them at the heart of the action, mainly consisting of challenges that the players must overcome. Most of the first Video Games were in the action genre.

Since action games are usually easy to play, they are still the most popular video games on stores.

Platform games

In a platformer, the player-controlled character must complete challenges such as dodging obstacles, jumping over or climbing, or may have to perform multiple challenges at the same time to increase the difficulty of the game.

Players will control the characters to perform high or low jumps, dodge obstacles so as not to fall or die. Usually the characters just move in a straight line and perform jumps like the classic game Mario so the jump button will be the most common. Today the jump button is replaced by swipes on the smartphone screen.

There are also acrobatic, climbing maneuvers, such as swinging from objects such as vines or grappling hooks, as in Ristar or Bionic Commando, or jumping from a skateboard or trampoline, as in Alpha Waves. These mechanics, even in the context of other genres, are often referred to as platforming.

Since 2010, an explosion of platform games on mobile devices has brought new popularity to this genre.

Shooter games

In this genre, the player will use a weapon to engage in action, with the usual goal of taking down in-game enemies or other player-controlled characters (e.g. Half-life).

Shooting games are classified according to the player’s perspective:

  • First person shooter (FPS), like Half-life, Doom, Quake, Counter-Strike, GoldenEye 007, Battlefield, Medal of Honor, Unreal, Call of Duty, Killzone, TimeSplitters, Team Fortress 2 and Halo.
  • Third-person shooter (TPS), like Syphon Filter, Max Payne, SOCOM, Star Wars: Battlefront, Gears of War, and Splatoon.
  • Top-down shooters, like Alien Shooter, Galaga, Space Invaders, JYDGE

Most commonly, the purpose of a shooter is to shoot opponents and perform missions without being killed or killed by other actions of the player. Shooting games are a genre of video games where the focus is almost entirely on defeating the character’s enemies using the player’s weapons.

Fighting games

Fingting games are quite attractive to children because of its duelling nature and passion for winning and losing. In the game, each player will choose a character to control to participate in a duel with another character on a limited screen. Characters will usually have equal combat abilities. Players will have to use buttons to launch basic attacks such as punching, kicking, or can launch powerful and beautiful “skills”. The game depends on the player’s ability to press the buttons to control the character. Pressing the buttons quickly and reasonably will help launch combo attacks (“combo”).

Fighting games like Mortal Kombat and Street Fighter II focus on combat action and, in most cases, hand-to-hand combat. Most fighting games feature a steady stream of playable characters, each specializing in their own unique ability or fighting style. In most traditional fighting games, players fight their way to the top, taking on increasingly difficult opponents as they progress.

Beat ‘Em Up

Beat-em up, or brawlers games also focus on combat, but instead of facing a single opponent, the player must face waves of enemies. Double Dragon is one of the earliest beat-em up games, while God of War, Castle Crashers and Bayonetta are more recent.


Stealth games emphasize cunning and precision to solve game challenges, and while other actions or combat can help the player accomplish goals, as in Dishonored, stealth games often encourage players to take part in the action secretly. Metal Gear has built a franchise name on this subcategory.

Survival game

A sub-genre of action games, survival action games have really gone on their own in the past few years. The survival horror game Resident Evil is one of the earliest (albeit a linear one), while more modern survival games like Fortnite take place in an open world game environment and gives players access to resources to craft tools, weapons and shelter to survive as long as possible.

Rhythm game

Rhythm games such as Dance Dance Revolution and Guitar Hero are music-based games that challenge the player to keep up with the rhythm of a song or background music in the game by pressing a corresponding button on the input controller at a precise time to accumulate points. Usually, players will dance to the beat on a dance table consisting of colored notes that flash to the music


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